Thursday, June 6, 2013



As the media shift attention from Hassan Sheikh’s conference to conference on Somalia, one continuing, omnipresent tragedy goes willfully ignored, the politics of exclusion that Hassan Sheikh practices and his repeated degradation of Digil Mirifle Ministers as well as the lack of representations in the high-level delegations.  Nowhere is this more evident than Hassan Sheikh’s recent delegation to Kenya on high-level talks on Jubaland, where the new government, dominated by Hawiye clan, made all of the delegation with no representation of Digil Mirifle constituencies.  President Hassan boycotted and denied Digil Mirifle Ministers of Defense, Information and Media Deputy Ministers, and Foreign Deputy Ministers. 

As UK and Japan conferences dominate the headlines, Somali President Hassan Sheikh has quickly gone about shaping what was once a country from balanced power-shared transition into a nation in a verge of tribal power fight. The Somalia’s end of transition phase was ambitious and full of hopes for pluralist democracies where all Somalis were equal under the law, and resources shared equally where the parliament would act the mediator as well as the protector of the previous power-sharing peace agreements.
Quickly these hopes are fading, only to be supplemented with theocratic regimes made by all-Hawiye Damu-jadiid factions who are potentially worse than those which preceded them.

Approximately 75% of Somalis have expressed growing despondency as to the nature of the clan favoritism that exists in Villa Somalia where almost all of the staff are Hawiye clan who are directly related to the president. Many Somali MPs and Ministers have found themselves repeatedly shut out of dialogue by the nations’ DamuJadiid members and inner circles of President Hassan Sheikh who are determined to enshrine their dominance into law. 

HASSAN SHEIKH IS already heavy with tribal and clan affiliations, Politics of Exclusion further divides Somalia as President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud engages in a type of governance based on clan-favoritism. This is a challenge that is tearing Somalia apart and it includes the tendency of manipulating ethnic identities for private interest as Hassan Sheikh often noticed practicing. One doesn’t have to go far but only pick a photo of the president attending conferences on Somalia. Most world leaders think that they are meeting with Somali delegation, but the fact is that they are only meeting one clan called Hawiye who have perpetuated the long civil war in Somalia.

“Hassan Sheikh swept to power on the promise that he would rule for all Somalis, including the Digil Mirifle communities.  Hassan Sheukh must be held accountable to his solemn pledge to bring peace and tolerance to the marginalized communities of Somalia.”

List of delegation to Japan and their clan.  Where is the powershring agreement. 
1: Xuseen Iidoow – Agaasime ku-xigeenka Madaxtooyada, Murursade, Hawiye

2: Ibraahim Baana – Protocol of the Presient, Abgaal, Hawiye

3: Eng. Yariisoow – Information, Abgaal, Hawiye

4: Xaayoow Gacal – Wasiirul Dowlaha arrimaha dibedda, Murursade, Hawiye

5: Kamaal – Chief of Protocol, Habargidir, Hawiye

6: Sheekh Ciise – Abgaal, Hawiye

7: Abudalahi Afrah – Abagaal, Hawiye

President Hassan Sheikh: A Tribal – Clan Fanatic

President Hassan Sheikh: A Tribal – Clan Fanatic

Somali President Hassan Sheikh arrived Kenya with delegation consisting and comprised all Hawiye his tribe.  He met with President of Kenya Uhuru Kenyatta with his team consisting of a highly qualified diverse ministers and aides including Kenya’s first Somali ethnic Foreign Minister Amina.  This photo released by the President’s inexperienced press staff caused an outrage by many Somalis who are angry of the president’s delegation who are all from one clan.  This is evidence that is given to the Somali public by all Hawiye presidential delegation, most of whom were Abgaal and Shiiqaal clans. 

This photo comes just a day after President Uhuru met all Darod delegation team led by Regional President of Puntland.  Following the same footsteps Hassan Sheikh met Uhuru with all Hawiye team of President Hassan’s team as the Federal President of Somali Nation which belongs to many tribes and clans.  This is indicative the immaturity of Hassan Sheikh and his lack of leadership to represent whole Somalia.  THIS IS NOT ABSULATELY HOW A NATIONAL PRESIDENT LEADING A UNITARY NATIONAL GOVERNMENT BEHAVES OR SELECTS HIS DELEGATIONS.

They expressed their desire to remain on the diving force and tribal fanatic.   This is an action that could result a deep divide and mistrust among the 4 major Somali clans including the Digil Mirifle who have lately been suspicious and skeptical on President Hassan’s one-sided Hawiye politics and marginalization of other Somali tribes.  Protesting vigorously at the exclusion of Digil Mirifle Ministers out of the high level conferences and delegations pertaining to Digil Mirifle regional administrations and constituencies, MPs of Digil Mirifle are angry of the repeated double standards, political exclusions of their ministers, and constant degrading of DM Ministers.

Digil Mirifle MPs, Intellectuals, Women, Scholars and Elders call for political inclusion that allows interest articulation by all Somali groups.  It produces the feeling of being represented. It engages diverse actors, thereby making the system as democratic as possible.   They warn Hassan Sheikh to refrain from political exclusion, lack of representation and inclusion.  There is no room or space for clan fanatics in Somali politics.

See the list of delegation accompanied by Hassan Sheikh who has now made clear to all Somalis his true color and motivations as the leader of Hawiye President not a national president. 

Weftigii Madaxweynaha Somalia Xassan Sheikh Maxamuud Culusoow kala qeyb galay shirkii lagu qabtay Japan garan magacyadooda , waa kan liiskoodu

1-Xuseen Iidoow - Beesha Madaxweynaha.
2-Ibraahim Baana - Beesha Madaxweynaha.
3-Eng. Yariisoow - Beesha Madaxweynaha.
4-Xaayoow Gacal - Beesha Madaxweynaha.
5-Pres. Xassan Sh. Mohamoud Culusow -Madaxweyne
.6-Kamaal - Beesha Madaxweynaha..
7-Sheekh Ciise - Beesha Madaxweynaha.
8-Dr. Abdullah Afrax - Beesha Madaxweynaha.

9-Cabdiraxman Caynte - Beesha Madaxweynah

Monday, June 3, 2013

The Mugging of Lower Shabelle

The Mugging of Lower Shabelle

The predicament continues. The status quo has not changed. The winds of hope, expressed by many during what was called the “democratic election” of a president, may have been the biggest hoax and, in any event, has waned. The usual culprits are at it again. The demagogues of war and oppression of peaceful communities still hold Somalia hostage. And the new government of “hope” looks on with tacit approval.

As you may very well know, there was a war in Marka, Lower Shabelle last week. You may not know that it was a war that began as soon as the Somali State ceased to exist in 1991. Last week’s war highlighted a tragedy that is more complex and underpinned by a wider net of tribal affiliates and accomplices than one might imagine.

The war began as a result of a demonstration by the staff of an Italian NGO called COSV at its office in Marka. The staff was not paid for eight months. The Regional Chairman of Aid Operations for Lower Shabelle, a certain Yusuf Mohamed Abdi of the Habar Gidir subclan, gathered 50 of his militia in Shalamboot under the banner of the Somali National Army to subdue the demonstrators. The local police and military from the Biimaal clan, also wearing the uniform of the Somali National Army and Police uniforms intervened. The HG militia brought AMISOM for back up; luckily they were stopped in time on the behest of local elders who pointed out it is a fighting between two parties that are both members of the National Army. Apart from the death of young men on both sides, the militia from Shalambot was surrounded. Subsequent to this, another Habar Gidir subclan militia from Jannaale district under the command of Ina Dhuxullow, who claims to be the Vice-District Commissioner of Jannaale, joined the fighting. Reports contend that, in addition to loosing four men with five others wounded, including the Vice-District Commissioner, the invading militia lost a car which overturned during the fighting.

The ensuing event is more shocking not for its own sake but that it has happened at a time when Somalia’s arms embargo has been lifted. The Commander of the 5th Division stationed around Marka, a Habra Gidir of the Faqshini subclan, sent a message to the front lines that he and the Commissioner of Marka, Yariisow of Biimaal clan, are coming to help stop the fighting and that both sides must cease their fire. Both sides obliged and waited for the arrival of the Commander and District Commissioner. To the surprise of the Biimaal guyes, before they knew it, they were receiving bullets from behind them, exactly were the Commander of the army base said he was coming from. It was not the commander of the 5th Division, rather it was a Habar Gidir militia leader named Cirro at the head of a group with technicals. There is more than one report claiming that Cirro has been severely wounded. As the local fighters stood their ground and inflicted heavy damages on the Habar Gidir militia, the Ministry of Internal Affairs intervened.

A high level delegation was dispatched to Marka. The delegation made matters even worse. They sacked the Commissioner of Marka, who in the eyes of the community was one of the few people contributing to betterment of their lives and appointed a pawn. They appointed a khat dealer who was also an owner of a local brothel from the Habar Gidir subclan as the Vice-Commissioner of the city. Isn’t that the most appropriate method to build an aimless, confused management for the city?

The most damaging stipulation by the delegation was to send all of the Bimaal youngsters involved in the war for further training. The reader should know that whereas the local youngsters completed their army training in Uganda, the invading clan army were recruited into the National Army without any training. They were the army of warlord Indhacade et al, who like Idi Amin lays claim to the opposing titles of General and Sheikh with no qualifications to show for any of them. With the dispersal of the armed local men, the city of Marka and the Lower Shabelle has no defence against the “Mongol Hoards” from Mudug. To say that this fits a pattern of activities by Hawiye militia to take over Lower Shabelle is not at all an exaggeration.

The oppression of indigenous population will not succeed without the backing of power in two forms: a) the usurpation of all positions in the Federal Government that are supposed to dispense justice to society and b) to subdue the whimpers and wails of these communities first by strategically placing Habar Gidir militia around the region and secondly by giving the positions of power in the region to the same Habar Gidir. From the breakdown of the Somali State, Habar Gidir militia has been pouring into Lower Shabelle.

For the past 20 years, the predatory “Mongols” from Mudug bent on annexing Lower Shabelle by any means used various techniques. At the expiry of Shariff government’s mandate, the then Minister of Internal affairs appointed a ton of Hawiye individuals to important positions in Lower Shabelle. All hail from Hawiye clan family:

Ahmed Omar Mohamed Madane
Chairman of Security
Hawiye - Habar Gidir
Vice Chair of Social Affairs
Omar Mohamed Elmi (Carrabeey)
Hawiye - Murusade
General Secretary of Lower Shabelle
Abdulahi Abdi Omar
Hawiye – Wacdan
Chairman of Regional Humanitarian Aid
Yusuf Mohamed Abdi
Hawiye – Habar Gidir
Director of Land Planning
Abdullahi Abdi Farah
Hawiye – Habar Gidir
Coordinator of Finances
Abdinasir Diini Rage
Hawiye – Habar Gidir
General Accountant of Lower Shabelle
Mohamed Ali Mumin
Hawiye – Habar Gidir
Chair of Women’s Association
Ikran Ahmed Ga’al
Hawiye – Murusade
Vice-Chair of Humanitarian Aid
Osman Mohamed
Hawiye - Abgal
These nominations continue to serve in the above capacities under the current “government of hope” led by Hassan Ulusow. Out of the 12 most important positions of the Lower Shabelle, only two are allocated for the indigenous communities: the Governor of the region is held Abdulkari Mohamed Nur from the Garre clan and his deputy held by Abdulahi Muse Abukar from the Biimaal clan. Borrowing a page from the colonial masters, puppets from the indigenous communities are nominated to implement the sinister plans of Habar Gidir, and generally Hawiye, in Lower Shabelle.

A careful examination of the above table reveals that the circle of economic and land expropriation of Lower Shabelle is complete. Everything is in the hands of Hawiye and none of these individuals are indigenous to Lower Shabelle.

This complicit understanding between Hawiye to seize Lower Shabelle by any means necessary is tied to the explicit appropriation of the highest positions of the Somali government to avoid scrutiny. The people of Lower Shabelle have and will always remain excluded from any position that can make a difference to the justice system in Somalia. The will always be looking from the outside. The only time this communities saw a semblance of justice was during the reign of Alshabab. That is why they are always accused of Shabab sympathy every time they try to stand up for their rights. Just look at the majority of the Hawiye websites and you will see how the complaints of these communities are sidelined and how links to Shabab are manufactured to cover up for the aggression and injustice meted out to these communities.

The new government has not changed the situation. It has perpetuated it. In fact, the communities of Lower Shabelle are in the most difficult time now. The new government has entrenched the stranglehold that the Habar Gidir militias had on these communities. Again, they appointed another Habar Gidir to lead the Ministry of Interior. From Ali Mahdi’s time until now, the Minister of Interior is always allocated for Habar Gidir. And that is where the rotten apple resides.

To add insult to injury, Habar Gidir elders have complained to their fraternal caretakers of the Somali government. They wrote to the government complaining of Biimal aggression against the communities of Lower Shabelle. What a folly! Somalis say that Arabs commit injustice against you but then cover their folly in the name of the Prophet before you can (Carabta inta ku nabto ayay Nabiga kaaga hormartaa).  Only in this case, Hawiye are covering their injustice under the rug of someone they know will take their side. The letter is just a show off for those of us who do not have a clue.

Hassan Ulusow’s government depends on Habar Gidir militia. It is an NGO run by Indhacadde and company. Like all great poets, my friend, The Great Poet, Togane, described the new government as “Dulmi Jadiid” – The New Injustice. He had a premonition and it has come true!

A nation without justice will not exist as a nation. One cannot cherry-pick justice either. You cannot choose your own definition of justice. Justice has a universal definition, universal parameters and therefore should be implemented universally. Without the universal application of justice in Somalia, the social chaos will not be over and Hassan Ulusow’s government is limping towards it coffin. That coffin, like all the coffins of governments before it, is on the shoulders of Habar Gidir.

Nur Bahal

Toronto, Canada